Deadlock Info From system_health Information

— by Lori Brown @SQLSupahStah

Periodically, all DBA’s are going to run into code that fails due to a deadlock. Deadlocks happen when two or more SPIDs\sessions try to access a resource that is locked by each other. In short, something has to give so one is usually chosen by SQL to be the victim meaning one is the loser. Deadlocks can be avoided by designing your databases well and making queries as quick and lightweight as possible. The faster data is retrieved or locked and unlocked the better.

But, how do you figure out what is causing deadlocks if you suddenly run into them? An easy way is to use the information that is already captured in the default system_health session information that is already being gathered by SQL.

Here are queries to retrieve this information from SQL 2008 R2 and SQL 2012 and up.

— get deadlock graphs in SQL 2008

SELECT CAST(event_data.value(‘(event/data/value)[1]’,

                               ‘varchar(max)’) AS XML) AS DeadlockGraph

FROM   ( SELECT   XEvent.query(‘.’) AS event_data

FROM     (   — Cast the target_data to XML

SELECT   CAST(target_data AS XML) AS TargetData

FROM     sys.dm_xe_session_targets st

JOIN sys.dm_xe_sessions s

ON s.address = st.event_session_address

WHERE     name = ‘system_health’

AND target_name = ‘ring_buffer’

) AS Data — Split out the Event Nodes

CROSS APPLY TargetData.nodes(‘RingBufferTarget/

                                     event[@name=”xml_deadlock_report”]’)

AS XEventData ( XEvent )

) AS tab ( event_data );

 

 

— get deadlock graphs in SQL 2012 and up

SELECT XEvent.query(‘(event/data/value/deadlock)[1]’) AS DeadlockGraph

FROM   ( SELECT   XEvent.query(‘.’) AS XEvent

FROM     ( SELECT   CAST(target_data AS XML) AS TargetData

FROM     sys.dm_xe_session_targets st

JOIN sys.dm_xe_sessions s

ON s.address = st.event_session_address

WHERE     s.name = ‘system_health’

AND st.target_name = ‘ring_buffer’

) AS Data

CROSS APPLY TargetData.nodes

(‘RingBufferTarget/event[@name=”xml_deadlock_report”]’)

AS XEventData ( XEvent )

) AS src;

Queries originally from Jonathan Kehayias (One super smart SQL guy!) https://www.simple-talk.com/author/jonathan-kehayias/

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